Normal blood pressure ranges from 120/80 to 129/84, and blood pressure is considered high if it falls between 140/90 and 159/99. High blood pressure is one of the key causes of Kidney Disease because it can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, stopping them from removing wastes and fluid from your body. This then becomes a dangerous cycle since the extra fluid in the blood vessels will raise your blood pressure. For individuals suffering with kidney failure, consistently high blood pressure can have terrible side effects such as, stroke or heart disease.
We know that approximately 30 percent of the Kidney Disease population has hypertension, and it is estimated that in those over age 65 they can be as high as 40%. If there was a single intervention that those suffering with Kidney Disease wanted to take, hypertension would be the easiest one to target.
Hypertension could be classified as mild, moderate or severe, and the treatment is usually a combination of diet, exercise and Pharmco therapy (treatment of the disease through drugs). Moderate physical activity has shown good outcomes for hypertension such as walking, dancing, and swimming. They all have positive and immediate effects on lowering blood pressure. The good news is that high blood pressure is both preventable and treatable.
Besides physical activity, blood pressure can be reduced by lowering salt intake, eating a balanced diet, limit use of alcohol, maintaining a healthy body weight, and avoiding the use of tobacco. It is crucial for those suffering with Chronic Kidney Disease to know their numbers, and to start setting reasonable goals to reduce high blood pressure, if the battle to defeat both high blood pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease is to be won.