The US Renal Data System, Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation suggested that the incidence of stroke is substantially higher among Chronic Kidney Disease patients, especially those conducting Dialysis. Similarly, a separate study published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases noted, "Stroke risk is elevated in patients undergoing Dialysis." More specifically, Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis patients were "associated with a 2.88 and 3.21 times increased risk of Ischemic Stroke (obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain), and a 6.83 and 6.15 times increased risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke (a brain aneurysm burst or a weakened blood vessel leak)."
Relevant risks associated with strokes include blood-thinning medicine, clotting disorders, physical inactivity, obesity, High Cholesterol, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, and smoking. Signs of a stroke include the following:
- Severe headache
- Blurred vision
- Vision loss
- Double vision
- Numbness, tingling, weakness, or paralysis on one side of the body
- Slurred speech
- Trouble walking
- Drooping face
If you experience the above symptoms then call 9-1-1 immediately. Chronic Kidney Disease and Dialysis patients may limit their risk of stroke by taking their medications as directed and maintaining a healthy Blood Pressure. Also, patients should eat foods that are low in fat, cholesterol, salt and sugar as well as maintain their personal healthy weight. If a patient is struggling with weight management then s/he should ask their Dietitian for assistance in developing a sustainable, safe and realistic dietary and exercise plan.
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