There is a continued trend to transplant "High-Risk" kidneys because of the of the extremely high average wait time across the country of 1,121 days. Further, 78 percent of the Donor Kidneys are rejected from medical centers because they "refused to use the kidneys" based upon their "High-Risk." However, a study concluded that many of the discarded kidneys are safe and therefore should not be labeled as "High-Risk" at all and could greatly increase the number of kidneys to which those with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) have access.
Recommended Reading: New Donor Source offers Relief to CKD Patients Awaiting Transplant
Approximately, 10 percent of kidneys from Deceased Donors that are able to be transplanted met the criteria laid out by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as “High-Risk” for infection and possible transference of the disease to the Kidney Recipient. "High-Risk" infections included Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Hepatitis B (HBV). Just today, the Federal Government lifted a ban on research into the possibility of transplanting organs from one HIV-positive person to another. It also permits the health secretary to allow such transplants if the research results warrant a change in policy.
In the past, doctors had been concerned that the drugs needed to prevent rejection of the kidney might interfere with the drugs that keep the virus under control. However, Reuters has reported that people infected with HIV can safely receive a kidney transplant. Also, Dr. Peter Stock of the University of California San Francisco said that "Patient and graft survival are really pretty good and it approximates the general population." For example, the success rates are between what would be expected for all recipients and those age 65 and older.
Recommended Reading: New Finding Illustrates Surprising Risk Level For Certain Kidney Transplant Donors
Transplanting kidneys from one HIV-positive person to another is obviously good news for those suffering with both CKD and HIV. However, KidneyBuzz.com also finds it to be welcomed news for all CKD patients waiting for a Kidney Transplant because this represents an opportunity to shorten the waiting list.
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EMERY, GENE. "Kidney Transplants Found Safe in HIV Patients." Http://www.reuters.com/. Kidney Transplants Found Safe in HIV Patients
"HIV Organ Transplant Ban Lifted for U.S. Researchers." Http://www.cbc.ca/news. CBC