Although, it is extremely rare for a person with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) to die during transplant surgery, if it occurs it would likely be a complication of anesthesia (1 in 250,000 cases) rather than the surgery itself. However, two to four people out of 100 (2% to 4%) will die in the first year after receiving a Kidney Transplant most commonly due to heart disease, infection, cancer and other causes. Those with CKD can reduce these risks by taking the appropriate steps both before and after transplant.
Reducing high blood pressure (hypertension) will decrease the risk of heart attack post-transplant. Hypertension is extremely common after Kidney Transplantation. It has been observed in up to 80% to 90% of patients. Treating high blood pressure in Kidney Transplant recipients is a complicated process because they are already on multiple medications that increase their cholesterol, cause weight gain and raise blood pressure. In managing your transplanted kidney and blood pressure, never stop taking your medication or change the amount you take without direction from your Nephrologists. However, now is a good time for you to think about making changes in the way you eat and exercise to stay healthy.
Recommended Reading: New Finding Illustrates Surprising Risk Level For Certain Kidney Transplant Donors
Infection and cancer risk following transplantation are also related to anti-rejection medications. In order to reduce the risk of infection following a kidney transplant, patients are kept on antibiotics for several months. A good way for you to avoid infections before surgery and after your Kidney Transplant is to wash your hands thoroughly all the time (before you eat, before taking medications, after yard work or any time in the bathroom), stay away from anyone with the cold or flu, and take good care of your teeth by brushing them at least twice a day and replacing your toothbrush every 3-6 months. Also, for 6 weeks after your transplant surgery you should stay away from all crowded places including church, sports events and shopping malls.
Normally, the immune system helps to reduce cancer risk and prevents infections by destroying any precancerous cells or invading organisms, but some of the medicines you take increase the chance of developing cancer. Therefore, it is important to lower your risk factors for cancer by limiting sun exposure. KidneyBuzz.com encourages you to wear sunscreen lotion (SPF 15 or higher) and lip balm every day, rain or shine, when you are outside as well as a hat and other protective clothing (long sleeves and long pants). It is also recommended that you get routine health screenings, including mammograms, Pap smears, prostate antigen checks (PSA), colonoscopies and regular visits to the dermatologist.
Additionally, the source of one’s kidney donor affects survival following Kidney Transplantation. Patients with a living donor have the best survival overall, compared with patients who receive a deceased donor Kidney Transplant. This is a primary reason you may want to ask a family member for a kidney donation even if you are on the Kidney Transplant Waiting List. Ultimately, you will need to be dedicated to keeping your transplanted kidney healthy and working. Hence anything that you have read at KidenyBuzz.com, verify with you Healthcare Team to make sure it fits your unique needs.
*Note: Do not forget to order your No BP/No Stick Medical Alert Bracelet!
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"What Are the Risks of Kidney Transplant Surgery?" Http://www.cpmc.org/. California Pacific Medical Center.
"Post Kidney Transplant." Http://lomalindahealth.org/. Loma Linda University Medical Center.
"Blood Pressure Management in the Kidney Transplant Recipient."
Http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/. Division of Nephrology, University of Maryland School of Medicine.