UPDATE: In a recent update The Implantable Artificial Kidney Corporation shared when they anticipated that their Artificial Kidney prototype (IAK-1) will be ready for human trials. Many do not believe that human trials of the Artificial Kidney will be possible for 20 to 30 years. Well researchers at The Implantable Artificial Kidney Corporation said, "We estimate that human trials will begin in approximately 5-6 years."
The team also shared that patients will not need to use Immunosuppressant drugs with the Artificial Kidney, "The IAK-1 will be made from materials that the body will not reject," they stated. In the United States researchers believe that insurance will cover the cost of the IAK-1, referencing the lower costs associated with the treatment when compared to Dialysis. "The U.S. government will get involved," researchers suggested on their website, "since the IAK-1 could reduce dialysis expenditures by Medicare significantly." In other countries, however, they were less certain, "insurance coverage may or may not be available."
PREVIOUS: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) there were 50,476 kidney failure-related deaths in 2010, making mortality due to kidney failure number eight on the Cause Of Death List in the United States. 2% (4.4 million) of all adults in the US were diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in 2011. With nearly 100,000 people awaiting a Kidney Transplant and fewer than one-fifth likely to undergo the procedure each year, an Artificial Kidney is a promising device that could save the lives of many people with CKD. The Implantable Artificial Kidney Corporation is a company involved in the development of one type of Artificial Kidney design said, "We are making great progress, and we are extremely excited about its potential."
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The Implantable Artificial Kidney Corporation has already defined its invention as "medically safe." Although this is an update on the progress and viability of an Artificial Kidney it should also serve as a reminder of the rapidly changing future of CKD and the increasing options available for those fighting against the disease. This Artificial Kidney is being completed with punctuated efficiency, expecting in-house testing to be completed within two weeks and they will seek an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) accredited lab test before beginning the first implant operation on a pig (their circulatory system is similar to a human's). "We feel that we are less than a year from this point." Researchers have conducted their first test with the device using pigs blood on January 26th, 2014. Appropriate modifications are underway.
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The device can either be implanted or worn outside the body and will work immediately, creating urine which is unlike a human implanted kidney, which can sometimes take 2 weeks or longer to begin working. The goal is to design the device to last for over 10 years so that it does not require any maintenance during its lifespan. The device is being designed to work 24 hours a day, seven days a week to remove excess minerals and wastes from CKD patients' body with the use of special osmosis/diffusion and reverse osmosis filters to separate waste material and water.
Also the "kidney" has been built so it does not risk rejection from the body, unlike a traditional Kidney Transplant. This allows Transplant Recipients to avoid post-operative immunosuppressant drugs and the frequent monitoring that a current Kidney Transplant patient requires for the entirety of his/her life.You may have noted that KidneyBuzz.com publishes new findings and breakthroughs such as this regularly. Some advancements are scheduled for the year 2020 while other alternatives are expected sooner because they are conducting human tests currently. However, you should not take such news lightly as the articles do not share impractical or obscure studies. Rather, they highlight the fact that the arena in which people are fighting CKD is rapidly changing by becoming retooled and improved; giving you the advantage over your disease.
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Reference: Ellis, Marie. "Artificial Kidney Could Help Those with Renal Failure." Medical News Today. MediLexicon Internationa